Taariikhda injineernimada

Injineernimadawaa isticmaalkamabaadi'da sayniskain la naqshadeeyo oo la dhiso mishiino, dhismayaal, iyo waxyaabo kale, oo ay ku jiraan buundooyinka, tunnelyada, waddooyinka, baabuurta,dhismaha madaniga ahiyoqaab dhismeedka birtadhismayaal.Anshaxa injineernimada waxa ay ka kooban tahay qaybo badan oo ka mid ah qaybaha injineernimada ee takhasuska leh, mid walbana si gaar ah ayuu xooga u saarayaa qaybo gaar ah oo ka mid ah xisaabaadka la dabaqay, sayniska la dabaqay, iyo noocyada codsiga.Eeg qaamuuska injineernimada.

Eraygainjineernimadawaxa laga soo qaatay ingenium-ka Laatiinka, oo macneheedu yahay "xariifnimo" iyo ingeniare, oo macneheedu yahay "in la hindiso, hindiso".

Injineerinnimadu waxa ay jirtay ilaa wakhtiyadii hore, marka aadamigu hindisaan ikhtiraacyo ay ka mid yihiin wedge, kabaal, giraangire iyo jiidi, iwm.

Erayga injineernimada waxa uu ka yimid ereygainjineer, kaas oo laftiisa soo taxnaa ilaa qarnigii 14-aad markii injineer (macnaha dhabta ah, kan dhisa ama ku shaqeeya mishiinka hareeraynta) uu tixraacayo "dhisaha matoorada militariga."Xaaladdan oo kale, hadda waa duugoobay, "matoorka" waxaa loola jeedaa mashiinka militariga,yacniKahortag farsamo oo loo isticmaalo dagaalka (tusaale, catapult).Tusaalooyinka xusida mudan ee isticmaalka duugoobay ee badbaaday ilaa maantadan la joogo waa ciidamada injineernimada milatariga,tusaale, Ciidanka Maraykanka ee Injineerada.

Erayga "engine" laftiisu waa asal xitaa ka da' weyn, ugu dambayntiina wuxuu ka yimid ingenium-ka Laatiinka (c. 1250), oo macneheedu yahay "tayada dhalanteed, gaar ahaan awoodda maskaxda, markaa waa hindise xariif ah."

Later, sida naqshadaynta dhismayaasha rayidka ah, sida buundooyinka iyo dhismayaasha, u bislaaday sida edbinta farsamada, ereyga injineernimada madaniga ah wuxuu galay qaamuuska si uu u kala saaro kuwa ku takhasusay dhismaha mashaariicda aan milatariga ahayn iyo kuwa ku lug leh edbinta injineernimada ciidamada.

93.8x250 3_副本


Waqtiga boostada: Oct-20-2022